Hopewell culture, notable ancient Indian culture of the east-central area of North America. It flourished from about 200 bce to 500 ce chiefly in what is now southern Ohio, with related groups in Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Pennsylvania, and New York.
Why did the Hopewell culture eventually fall apart?
The rapid decline of the Hopewell culture about 1,500 years ago might be explained by falling debris from a near-Earth comet that created a devastating explosion over North America, laying waste to forests and Native American villages alike.
What are some important facts about the Hopewell?
The Hopewell Indians are best known for the earth mounds they built. Like the Indians of the Adena culture who came before them, they built large mounds in which they buried the bodies of important people. They also created earthworks in geometric shapes such as circles, rectangles, and octagons.
What made the Hopewell a civilization?
The people who are considered to be part of the “Hopewell culture” built massive earthworks and numerous mounds while crafting fine works of art whose meaning often eludes modern archaeologists. This “Hopewell culture” flourished between roughly A.D. 1 and A.D. 500.
What is the characteristic of Hopewell culture?
A Hopewell culture settlement typically consisted of one or a few families living in rectangular houses with a nearby garden. These people were hunters, fishers, and gatherers of wild plant foods, but they also grew a number of domesticated plants in their gardens, including sunflower, squash, goosefoot, and maygrass.
When did the Hopewell culture end?
about 400 ce
After about 400 ce the more spectacular features of the Hopewell culture gradually disappeared. The quantity and quality of fine articles and mounds declined, and the people apparently became less sedentary and more loosely organized.
Who are the descendants of the Hopewell?
Most people agree that the direct cultural descendants of the Mississippian tradition are Muskogean, Caddoan, and Siouan speaking people: Choctaw, Chickasaw, Maskoke, Osage, Pawnee, Wichita, Oto, Iowa, Ho-Chunk, Dakota.
What did the Hopewell call themselves?
Hopewell wasn’t a tribal name and no one knows what they called themselves. The Hopewell mounds were bigger than those of the Adena cultures and their burials involved more ceremony.
Who named the Hopewell culture?
The 300-acre Hopewell Mound Group is the type site for the Hopewell culture. Early archeologists named the site for its owner, Mordecai C. Hopewell.
What do Hopewell mean?
An early Native American culture centered in the Ohio River valley from about the second century bc to the fourth century ad , noted for the construction of extensive earthworks and large conical burial mounds and for its highly developed arts and crafts. noun.
What is the Hopewellian period?
The Hopewell tradition (also called the Hopewell culture) describes the common aspects of an ancient pre-Columbian Native American civilization that flourished in settlements along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern Eastern Woodlands from 100 BCE to 500 CE, in the Middle Woodland period.
What did the Hopewell culture wear?
What did they wear? The Hopewell men and boys cut their hair into mohawks wore ornaments from head to toe. The women wore there hair pinned up in a bun with bones or wooden dowls.
What was the Hopewell religion?
Religion was dominated by shamanic practices that included tobacco smoking. Stone smoking pipes and other carvings evince a strong affinity to the animal world, particularly in the depictions of monstrous human and animal combinations.
How were the Hopewell different from the Adena?
Adena Culture mounds were primarily conical-shaped mounds used exclusively for burial purposes. The Hopewell Culture also had burial mounds, but more often these burial mounds were located either inside or nearby massive scaled earthworks such as those that can be seen in Newark and Chillicothe.
Which Hopewell city was built near modern day St Louis?
The Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site /kəˈhoʊkiə/ (11 MS 2) is the site of a pre-Columbian Native American city (which existed c. 1050–1350 CE) directly across the Mississippi River from modern St. Louis, Missouri.
How old is Serpent Mound?
This theory on the site’s origin was accepted until a 1991 site excavation used radiocarbon dating to determine that the mound was approximately 900 years old. This would suggest that the builders of the Serpent belonged to the Fort Ancient culture (A.D. 1000–1500).
What Indian tribe built mounds?
1650 A.D., the Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient Native American cultures built mounds and enclosures in the Ohio River Valley for burial, religious, and, occasionally, defensive purposes. They often built their mounds on high cliffs or bluffs for dramatic effect, or in fertile river valleys.