What is PNF pattern?

PNF patterning is used for the upper and lower extremities and is broken into to D1 (Diagonal 1) and D2 (Diagonal 2) patterns. The upper extremity pattern encompasses the shoulder, elbow, wrist and fingers. Similarly, the lower extremity pattern encompasses the hip, knee, ankle and toes.

What is PNF pattern used for?

PNF is a stretching technique utilized to increase ROM and flexibility. PNF increases ROM by increasing the length of the muscle and increasing neuromuscular efficiency. PNF stretching has been found to increase ROM in trained, as well as untrained, individuals.

How are PNF patterns named?

Patterns Of Motion



PNF technique are “spiral & diagonal” in character and combine motion in all 3 planes i.e. flexion/extension, abduction/adduction and rotation. Extremities patterns are named according to the movement occurring at the proximal joint or by diagonal(antagonist patterns are make up the diagonal).

What is the meaning of PNF?

proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

: a method of stretching muscles to maximize their flexibility that is often performed with a partner or trainer and that involves a series of contractions and relaxations with enforced stretching during the relaxation phase —abbreviation PNF.

How can I learn PNF pattern?


Quote from video: Move right or you could think about it as drawing a sword from a sheath. And then pulling that sword into the sky. So there the sword is sheathed. And then pull it out and stick it into the sky.

How many PNF patterns are there?

PNF Patterns



The upper and lower extremities each have two patterns: D1 and D2 motions targeting flexion and extension. The patterns are used to improve range of motion at the joint as well as introduce resistance training.

Why is PNF stretching important?

PNF stretching has been proven to improve active and passive range of motion. It can be used to supplement daily, static stretching and has been shown to help athletes improve performance and make speedy gains in range of motion. Not only does it increase flexibility, but it can also improve muscular strength.

What is D1 D2 PNF pattern?

PNF patterning is used for the upper and lower extremities and is broken into to D1 (Diagonal 1) and D2 (Diagonal 2) patterns. The upper extremity pattern encompasses the shoulder, elbow, wrist and fingers. Similarly, the lower extremity pattern encompasses the hip, knee, ankle and toes.

What are PNF diagonals?

Quote from video: In this exercise we call it a PMF which stands for proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation it's a mouthful so we just call it PMF for short and it's a diagonal pattern.

What are the three types of techniques for PNF stretches?

What does a PNF stretch consist of? There are three PNF methods: the contract-relax method (CR), the antagonist-contract method (AC), and a combination of the two – contract-relax-antagonist-contract (CRAC).

What is PNF strengthening?

The proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching technique uses natural reflexes to allow muscles to relax and stretch to their maximum capacity. These deep, intense stretches calm your muscles to improve flexibility and increase range of motion.

What is PNF hold relax technique?

The hold-relax PNF stretching technique is used to facilitate the relaxation of muscles to gain range of motion. This method uses an isometric contraction rather than an isotonic one. To achieve this the limb is place in painfree range and an isometric contraction is sustained.

Where is PNF used?

Shoulder PNF Pattern D1 – Ask Doctor Jo ·

When should PNF stretching be used?

In fact, PNF stretching works best when a gentle stretch and contraction is used. Aim for a stretch intensity and a contraction force of no more than about 5 or 6 out of 10. The smaller the muscle group, the less force is needed.

What is PNF in physiotherapy?

What is Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) in physiotherapy? Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) is a more advanced form of flexibility training. PNF involves both stretching and contracting (activation) of the muscle group being targeted in order to achieve maximum static flexibility.

What is PNF strengthening?

PNF is an advanced form of stretching that allows you to target a specific muscle group and stretch it as well as strengthen it. It involves 3 different methods, CR, AC & CRAC. CRAC is a combination of the other two, and is said to have the most positive effect on athletic performance.

What are the 3 types of PNF stretching?

There are three different types of PNF stretches:

  • Contract-Relax Method.
  • Agonist-Contract Method.
  • Contract-Relax-Agonist-Contract Method.


What is PNF and its types?

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)



PNF stretching uses techniques that alternate between holding, contracting, and relaxing during a stretch. It is best to do this type of stretching under the guidance of a physical therapist or fitness professional.

Is PNF static or dynamic?

PNF is an acronym for proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation . It is not really a type of stretching but is a technique of combining passive stretching (see section Passive Stretching) and isometric stretching (see section Isometric Stretching) in order to achieve maximum static flexibility.

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